Bruce Schneier Famous Quotes & Sayings

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100 Bruce Schneier Famous Sayings, Quotes and Quotation.

Bruce Schneier Sayings: I am regularly asked what the average Internet user can do to ensure his security. I am regularly asked what the average Internet user can do to ensure his security. My first answer is usually 'Nothing; you're screwed'.
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Bruce Schneier Sayings: We kill people based on metadata. We kill people based on metadata.
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Bruce Schneier Sayings: Beware the Four Horsemen of the Information Apocalypse: terrorists, drug dealers, kidnappers, and child pornographers. Beware the Four Horsemen of the Information Apocalypse: terrorists, drug dealers, kidnappers, and child pornographers. Seems like you can scare any public into allowing the government to do anything with those four.
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Bruce Schneier Sayings: Something that looks like a protocol but does not accomplish a task is not a Something that looks like a protocol but does not accomplish a task is not a protocol - it's a waste of time.
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Bruce Schneier Sayings: It is insufficient to protect ourselves with laws; we need to protect ourselves with mathematics. It is insufficient to protect ourselves with laws; we need to protect ourselves with mathematics.
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Bruce Schneier Sayings: No one can duplicate the confidence that RSA offers after 20 years of cryptanalytic review. No one can duplicate the confidence that RSA offers after 20 years of cryptanalytic review.
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Bruce Schneier Sayings: Microsoft knows that reliable software is not cost effective. According to studies, 90% to 95% Microsoft knows that reliable software is not cost effective. According to studies, 90% to 95% of all bugs are harmless. They're never discovered by users, and they don't affect performance. It's much cheaper to release buggy software and fix the 5% to 10% of bugs people find and complain about.
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Bruce Schneier Sayings: We tend to focus on rare and spectacular threats and ignore the more frequent and We tend to focus on rare and spectacular threats and ignore the more frequent and pedestrian ones. So we fear flying more than driving, even though the former is much safer. Or we fear terrorists more than the police, even though in the US you're nine times more likely to be killed by a police officer than by a terrorist.
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Bruce Schneier Sayings: Societies without a reservoir of people who don't follow the rules lack an important mechanism Societies without a reservoir of people who don't follow the rules lack an important mechanism for societal evolution. Vibrant societies need a dishonest minority; if society makes its dishonest minority too small, it stifles dissent as well as common crime.
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Bruce Schneier Sayings: The more technological a society is, the greater the security gap is. The more technological a society is, the greater the security gap is.
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Bruce Schneier Sayings: Chaos is hard to create, even on the Internet. Here's an example. Go to Amazon. Chaos is hard to create, even on the Internet. Here's an example. Go to Amazon. Buy a book without using SSL. Watch the total lack of chaos.
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Bruce Schneier Sayings: Choosing providers is not a choice between surveillance/not; it's just choosing which feudal lord gets Choosing providers is not a choice between surveillance/not; it's just choosing which feudal lord gets to spy on you.
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Bruce Schneier Sayings: It is sort of interesting that in our society this days we are very quick It is sort of interesting that in our society this days we are very quick to apply the term 'war' to places where thare are no actual wars, and loath to apply the term 'war' when we are actually fighting wars.
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Bruce Schneier Sayings: The most common misconception about privacy is that it's about having something to hide. "If The most common misconception about privacy is that it's about having something to hide. "If you aren't doing anything wrong, then you have nothing to hide," the saying goes, with the obvious implication that privacy only aids wrongdoers.
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Bruce Schneier Sayings: The whole notion of passwords is based on an oxymoron. The idea is to have The whole notion of passwords is based on an oxymoron. The idea is to have a random string that is easy to remember. Unfortunately, if it's easy to remember, it's something nonrandom like 'Susan.' And if it's random, like 'r7U2*Qnp,' then it's not easy to remember.
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Bruce Schneier Sayings: Privacy is an inherent human right, and a requirement for maintaining the human condition with Privacy is an inherent human right, and a requirement for maintaining the human condition with dignity and respect. It is about choice, and having the power to control how you present yourself to the world.
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Bruce Schneier Sayings: Terrorism isn't a crime against people or property. It's a crime against our minds, using Terrorism isn't a crime against people or property. It's a crime against our minds, using the death of innocents and destruction of property to make us fearful. Terrorists use the media to magnify their actions and further spread fear. And when we react out of fear, when we change our policy to make our country less open, the terrorists succeed
even if their attacks fail. But when we refuse to be terrorized, when we're indomitable in the face of terror, the terrorists fail
even if their attacks succeed.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: Microsoft made a big deal about Windows NT getting a C2 security rating. They were Microsoft made a big deal about Windows NT getting a C2 security rating. They were much less forthcoming with the fact that this rating only applied if the computer was not attached to a network and had no network card, and had its floppy drive epoxied shut, and was running on a Compaq 386. Solaris's C2 rating was just as silly.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: Trying to make bits uncopyable is like trying to make water not wet. The sooner Trying to make bits uncopyable is like trying to make water not wet. The sooner people accept this, and build business models that take this into account, the sooner people will start making money again.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: A colleague once told me that the world was full of bad security systems designed A colleague once told me that the world was full of bad security systems designed by people who read Applied Cryptography
Bruce Schneier Sayings: We can't keep weapons out of prisons; we can't possibly expect to keep them out We can't keep weapons out of prisons; we can't possibly expect to keep them out of airports.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: The more we expect technology to protect us from people in the same way it The more we expect technology to protect us from people in the same way it protects us from nature, the more we will sacrifice the very values of our society in futile attempts to achieve this security.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: You can't defend. You can't prevent. The only thing you can do is detect and You can't defend. You can't prevent. The only thing you can do is detect and respond.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: Surveillance of power is one of the most important ways to ensure that power does Surveillance of power is one of the most important ways to ensure that power does not abuse its status. But, of course, power does not like to be watched.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: Estimates put the current number of Internet-connected devices at 10 billion. Estimates put the current number of Internet-connected devices at 10 billion.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: By 2010, we as a species were creating more data per day than we did By 2010, we as a species were creating more data per day than we did from the beginning of time until 2003. By 2015, 76 exabytes of data will travel across the Internet every year.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: Technical problems can be remediated. A dishonest corporate culture is much harder to fix. Technical problems can be remediated. A dishonest corporate culture is much harder to fix.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: Despite fearful rhetoric to the contrary, terrorism is not a transcendent threat. A terrorist attack Despite fearful rhetoric to the contrary, terrorism is not a transcendent threat. A terrorist attack cannot possibly destroy our country's way of life; it's only our reaction to that attack that can do that kind of damage.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: If you have nothing to hide, then you have nothing to fear. This is a If you have nothing to hide, then you have nothing to fear. This is a dangerously narrow conception of the value of privacy. Privacy is an essential human need, and central to our ability to control how we relate to the world. Being stripped of privacy is fundamentally dehumanizing, and it makes no difference whether the surveillance is conducted by an undercover policeman following us around or by a computer algorithm tracking our every move.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: One hundred years ago, everyone could have personal privacy. You and your friend could walk One hundred years ago, everyone could have personal privacy. You and your friend could walk into an empty field, look around to see that no one else was nearby, and have a level of privacy that has forever been lost. As Whitfield Diffie has said: No right of private conversation was enumerated in the Constitution. I don't suppose it occurred to anyone at the time that it could be prevented
Bruce Schneier Sayings: When a big company lays you off, they often give you a year's salary to When a big company lays you off, they often give you a year's salary to 'go pursue a dream.' If you're stupid, you panic and get another job. If you're smart, you take the money and use the time to figure out what you want to do next.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: Digital files cannot be made uncopyable, any more than water can be made not wet. Digital files cannot be made uncopyable, any more than water can be made not wet.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: Anyone, from the most clueless amateur to the best cryptographer, can create an algorithm that Anyone, from the most clueless amateur to the best cryptographer, can create an algorithm that he himself can't break.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: It's frustrating; terrorism is rare and largely ineffectual, yet we regularly magnify the effects of It's frustrating; terrorism is rare and largely ineffectual, yet we regularly magnify the effects of both their successes and failures by terrorizing ourselves.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: It doesn't matter how good the card is if the issuance process is flawed. It doesn't matter how good the card is if the issuance process is flawed.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: There are two types of encryption: one that will prevent your sister from reading your There are two types of encryption: one that will prevent your sister from reading your diary and one that will prevent your government.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: History has taught us: never underestimate the amount of money, time, and effort someone will History has taught us: never underestimate the amount of money, time, and effort someone will expend to thwart a security system. It's always better to assume the worst. Assume your adversaries are better than they are. Assume science and technology will soon be able to do things they cannot yet. Give yourself a margin for error. Give yourself more security than you need today. When the unexpected happens, you'll be glad you did.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: Google controls two-thirds of the US search market. Almost three-quarters of all Internet users have Google controls two-thirds of the US search market. Almost three-quarters of all Internet users have Facebook accounts. Amazon controls about 30% of the US book market, and 70% of the e-book market. Comcast owns about 25% of the US broadband market. These companies have enormous power and control over us simply because of their economic position. They all collect and use our data to increase their market dominance and profitability. When eBay first started, it was easy for buyers and sellers to communicate outside of the eBay system because people's e-mail addresses were largely public. In 2001, eBay started hiding e-mail addresses; in 2011, it banned e-mail addresses and links in listings; and in 2012, it banned them from user-to-user communications. All of these moves served to position eBay as a powerful intermediary by making it harder for buyers and sellers to take a relationship established inside of eBay and move it outside of eBay.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: For if we are observed in all matters, we are constantly under threat of correction, For if we are observed in all matters, we are constantly under threat of correction, judgment, criticism, even plagiarism of our own uniqueness. We become children, fettered under watchful eyes, constantly fearful that - either now or in the uncertain future - patterns we leave behind will be brought back to implicate us, by whatever authority has now become focused upon our once-private and innocent acts. We lose our individuality, because everything we do is observable and recordable.
[The Eternal Value of Privacy, May 18, 2006]
Bruce Schneier Sayings: If someone steals your password, you can change it. But if someone steals your thumbprint, If someone steals your password, you can change it. But if someone steals your thumbprint, you can't get a new thumb. The failure modes are very different.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: You can think of the difference between tactical and strategic oversight as the difference between You can think of the difference between tactical and strategic oversight as the difference between doing things right and doing the right things. Both are required.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: Liberty requires security without intrusion, security plus privacy. Liberty requires security without intrusion, security plus privacy.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: There's an entire flight simulator hidden in every copy of Microsoft Excel 97. There's an entire flight simulator hidden in every copy of Microsoft Excel 97.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: Buy American Doesn't Sell Well Anymore Because It Means Give A Copy To The NSA Buy American Doesn't Sell Well Anymore Because It Means Give A Copy To The NSA
Bruce Schneier Sayings: It is poor civic hygiene to install technologies that could someday facilitate a police state. It is poor civic hygiene to install technologies that could someday facilitate a police state.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: If the FBI parks a van bristling with cameras outside your house, you are justified If the FBI parks a van bristling with cameras outside your house, you are justified in closing your blinds.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: Increasingly, companies use their power to influence and manipulate their users. Websites that profit from Increasingly, companies use their power to influence and manipulate their users. Websites that profit from advertising spend a lot of effort making sure you spend as much time on those sites as possible, optimizing their content for maximum addictiveness.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: But eavesdropping acquired a new, and more intense, life after the terrorist attacks of 9/11. But eavesdropping acquired a new, and more intense, life after the terrorist attacks of 9/11. "Never again" was an impossible mandate, of course, but the only way to have any hope of preventing something from happening is to know everything that is happening. That led the NSA to put the entire planet under surveillance.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: Security is a process, not a product. Security is a process, not a product.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: This is not the internet the world needs, or the internet its creators envisioned. We This is not the internet the world needs, or the internet its creators envisioned. We need to take it back. And by we, I mean the engineering community.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: The fundamental driver in computer security, in all of the computer industry, is economics. That The fundamental driver in computer security, in all of the computer industry, is economics. That requires a lot of re-education for us security geeks.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: Corporate and government surveillance aren't separate; they're an alliance of interests. Corporate and government surveillance aren't separate; they're an alliance of interests.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: Surveillance makes us feel like prey, just as it makes the surveillors act like predators. Surveillance makes us feel like prey, just as it makes the surveillors act like predators.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: Post-9/11 surveillance has caused writers to self-censor. They avoid writing about and researching certain subjects; Post-9/11 surveillance has caused writers to self-censor. They avoid writing about and researching certain subjects; they're careful about communicating with sources, colleagues, or friends abroad. A Pew Research Center study conducted just after the first Snowden articles were published found that people didn't want to talk about the NSA online. A broader Harris poll found that nearly half of Americans have changed what they research, talk about, and write about because of NSA surveillance.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: The user's going to pick dancing pigs over security every time. The user's going to pick dancing pigs over security every time.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: We no longer know whom to trust. This is the greatest damage the NSA has We no longer know whom to trust. This is the greatest damage the NSA has done to the Internet, and will be the hardest to fix.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: If you think technology can solve your security problems, then you don't understand the problems If you think technology can solve your security problems, then you don't understand the problems and you don't understand the technology.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: Air travel survived decades of terrorism, including attacks which resulted in the deaths of everyone Air travel survived decades of terrorism, including attacks which resulted in the deaths of everyone on the plane. It survived 9/11. It'll survive the next successful attack. The only real worry is that we'll scare ourselves into making air travel so onerous that we won't fly anymore.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: If you ask amateurs to act as front-line security personnel, you shouldn't be surprised when If you ask amateurs to act as front-line security personnel, you shouldn't be surprised when you get amateur security.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: People often represent the weakest link in the security chain and are chronically responsible for People often represent the weakest link in the security chain and are chronically responsible for the failure of security systems.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: In the 17th century, the French statesman Cardinal Richelieu famously said, "Show me six lines In the 17th century, the French statesman Cardinal Richelieu famously said, "Show me six lines written by the most honest man in the world, and I will find enough therein to hang him." Lavrentiy Beria, head of Joseph Stalin's secret police in the old Soviet Union, declared, "Show me the man, and I'll show you the crime." Both were saying the same thing: if you have enough data about someone, you can find sufficient evidence to find him guilty of something.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: The potential for manipulation here is enormous. Here's one example. During the 2012 election, Facebook The potential for manipulation here is enormous. Here's one example. During the 2012 election, Facebook users had the opportunity to post an "I Voted" icon, much like the real stickers many of us get at polling places after voting. There is a documented bandwagon effect with respect to voting; you are more likely to vote if you believe your friends are voting, too. This manipulation had the effect of increasing voter turnout 0.4% nationwide. So far, so good. But now imagine if Facebook manipulated the visibility of the "I Voted" icon on the basis of either party affiliation or some decent proxy of it: ZIP code of residence, blogs linked to, URLs liked, and so on. It didn't, but if it had, it would have had the effect of increasing voter turnout in one direction. It would be hard to detect, and it wouldn't even be illegal. Facebook could easily tilt a close election by selectively manipulating what posts its users see. Google might do something similar with its search results.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: Why is it that we all - myself included - believe these stories? Why are Why is it that we all - myself included - believe these stories? Why are we so quick to assume that the TSA is a bunch of jack-booted thugs, officious and arbitrary and drunk with power? It's because everything seems so arbitrary, because there's no accountability or transparency in the DHS.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: Privacy is a fundamental human need Privacy is a fundamental human need
Bruce Schneier Sayings: If anyone thinks they can get an accurate picture of anyplace on the planet by If anyone thinks they can get an accurate picture of anyplace on the planet by reading news reports, they're sadly mistaken.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: People don't understand computers. Computers are magical boxes that do things. People believe what computers People don't understand computers. Computers are magical boxes that do things. People believe what computers tell them.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: Cryptography products may be declared illegal, but the information will never be Cryptography products may be declared illegal, but the information will never be
Bruce Schneier Sayings: I tell people if it's in the news don't worry about it. Because by definition I tell people if it's in the news don't worry about it. Because by definition news is something that almost never happens.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: The overwhelming bulk of surveillance is corporate, and it occurs because we ostensibly agree to The overwhelming bulk of surveillance is corporate, and it occurs because we ostensibly agree to it. I don't mean that we make an informed decision agreeing to it; instead, we accept it either because we get value from the service or because we are offered a package deal that includes surveillance and don't have any real choice in the matter.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: I used to say that Google knows more about what I'm thinking of than my I used to say that Google knows more about what I'm thinking of than my wife does. But that doesn't go far enough. Google knows more about what I'm thinking of than I do, because Google remembers all of it perfectly and forever.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: Hardware is easy to protect: lock it in a room, chain it to a desk, Hardware is easy to protect: lock it in a room, chain it to a desk, or buy a spare. Information poses more of a problem. It can exist in more than one place; be transported halfway across the planet in seconds; and be stolen without your knowledge.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: It doesn't matter how big your neocortex is or how abstractly you can reason: unless It doesn't matter how big your neocortex is or how abstractly you can reason: unless you can trust others, your species will forever remain stuck in the Stone Age.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: Data is the pollution problem of the information age, and protecting privacy is the environmental Data is the pollution problem of the information age, and protecting privacy is the environmental challenge.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: Those of us who fought the crypto wars, as we call them, thought we had Those of us who fought the crypto wars, as we call them, thought we had won them in the 1990s. What the Snowden documents have shown us is that instead of dropping the notion of getting backdoor government access, the NSA and FBI just kept doing it in secret.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: Embedded in digital photos is information such as the date, time, and location - yes, Embedded in digital photos is information such as the date, time, and location - yes, many cameras have GPS - of the photo's capture; generic information about the camera, lens, and settings; and an ID number of the camera itself. If you upload the photo to the web, that information often remains attached to the file.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: Secret courts making secret rulings on secret laws, and companies flagrantly lying to consumers about Secret courts making secret rulings on secret laws, and companies flagrantly lying to consumers about the insecurity of their products and services, undermine the very foundations of our society.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: Data is the exhaust of the information age. Data is the exhaust of the information age.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: The real targets of terrorism are the rest of us: the billions of us who The real targets of terrorism are the rest of us: the billions of us who are not killed but are terrorized because of the killing. The real point of terrorism is not the act itself, but our reaction to the act. And we're doing exactly what the terrorists want [ ... ] Our politicians help the terrorists every time they use fear as a campaign tactic. The press helps every time it writes scare stories about the plot and the threat. And if we're terrified, and we share that fear, we help.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: Only amateurs attack machines; professionals target people. Only amateurs attack machines; professionals target people.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: Terrorism is a crime against the mind. We win by refusing fear. Terrorism is a crime against the mind. We win by refusing fear.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: When people are scared, they need something done that will make them feel safe, even When people are scared, they need something done that will make them feel safe, even if it doesn't truly make them safer. Politicians naturally want to do something in response to crisis, even if that something doesn't make any sense. But unfortunately for politicians, the security measures that work are largely invisible.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: Most people don't seem to care whether their intimate details are collected and used by Most people don't seem to care whether their intimate details are collected and used by corporations; they think that surveillance by governments they trust is a necessary prerequisite to keeping them safe. Most people are still overly scared of terrorism. They don't understand the extent of the surveillance capabilities available to both governments and private parties. They underestimate the amount of surveillance that's going on and don't realize that mass government surveillance doesn't do much to keep us safe. Most people are happy to exchange sensitive personal information for free e-mail, web search, or a platform on which to chat with their friends.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: Given the credible estimate that we've spent $1 trillion on anti-terrorism security Given the credible estimate that we've spent $1 trillion on anti-terrorism security
Bruce Schneier Sayings: Mug shot extortion sites turn this sort of thing into a business. Mug shots are Mug shot extortion sites turn this sort of thing into a business. Mug shots are public record, but they're not readily available. Owners of mug shot sites acquire the photos in bulk and publish them online, where everybody can find them, then charge individuals to remove their photos from the sites.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: It's certainly easier to implement bad security and make it illegal for anyone to notice It's certainly easier to implement bad security and make it illegal for anyone to notice than it is to implement good security.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: Computer security can simply be protecting your equipment and files from disgruntled employees, spies, and Computer security can simply be protecting your equipment and files from disgruntled employees, spies, and anything that goes bump in the night, but there is much more. Computer security helps ensure that your computers, networks, and peripherals work as expected all the time, and that your data is safe in the event of hard disk crash or a power failure resulting from an electrical storm. Computer security also makes sure no damage is done to your data and that no one is able to read it unless you want them to
Bruce Schneier Sayings: As former NSA general counsel Stewart Baker said, "Metadata absolutely tells you everything about somebody's As former NSA general counsel Stewart Baker said, "Metadata absolutely tells you everything about somebody's life. If you have enough metadata you don't really need content.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: If something is free, you're not the customer; you're the product. If something is free, you're not the customer; you're the product.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: NSA analyst touches something in the database, NSA analyst touches something in the database,
Bruce Schneier Sayings: But in this country, while you have to be competent to pull off a terrorist But in this country, while you have to be competent to pull off a terrorist attack, you don't have to be competent to cause terror. All you need to do is start plotting an attack and - regardless of whether or not you have a viable plan, weapons or even the faintest clue - the media will aid you in terrorizing the entire population.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: The question to ask when you look at security is not whether this makes us The question to ask when you look at security is not whether this makes us safer, but whether it's worth the trade-off.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: Surveillance is the business model of the Internet. Surveillance is the business model of the Internet.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: Metadata equals surveillance; it's that simple. Metadata equals surveillance; it's that simple.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: We saw this in late 2014 when Apple finally encrypted iPhone data; one after the We saw this in late 2014 when Apple finally encrypted iPhone data; one after the other, law enforcement officials raised the specter of kidnappers and child predators. This is a common fearmongering assertion, but no one has pointed to any actual cases where this was an issue. Of the 3,576 major offenses for which warrants were granted for communications interception in 2013, exactly one involved kidnapping - and the victim wasn't a child.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: More people are killed every year by pigs than by sharks, which shows you how More people are killed every year by pigs than by sharks, which shows you how good we are at evaluating risk.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: The very definition of news is something that hardly ever happens. If an incident is The very definition of news is something that hardly ever happens. If an incident is in the news, we shouldn't worry about it. It's when something is so common that its no longer news - car crashes, domestic violence - that we should worry.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: When my mother gets a prompt 'Do you want to download this?' she's going to When my mother gets a prompt 'Do you want to download this?' she's going to say yes. It's disingenuous for Microsoft to give you all of these tools with which to hang yourself, and when you do, then say it's your fault.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: Terrorists can only take my life. Only my government can take my freedom. Terrorists can only take my life. Only my government can take my freedom.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: The mantra of any good security engineer is: 'Security is a not a product, but The mantra of any good security engineer is: 'Security is a not a product, but a process.' It's more than designing strong cryptography into a system; it's designing the entire system such that all security measures, including cryptography, work together.
Bruce Schneier Sayings: Think of your existing power as the exponent in an equation that determines the value Think of your existing power as the exponent in an equation that determines the value of information. The more power you have, the more additional power you derive from the new data.